Investments

Foreign Direct Investment Inflows into CAREC Countries, 2019 ($ million)

Foreign Direct Investment Inflows into CAREC Countries, 2019 ($ million)
Source Country Afghanistan Azerbaijan PRC Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyz Republic Mongolia Pakistan Tajikistan Turkmenistan Uzbekistan Inflows into CAREC
(excluding PRC)
Inflows into CAREC
(including PRC)
Afghanistan - 0 3.4 0 1.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.3 4.7
Albania 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.5
Angola 0 0 2.7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.7
Antigua 0 0 4.0 0 0 0 0.3 0 0 0 0 0.3 4.3
Argentina 0 0.2 0.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 0.5
Armenia 0 0 0.3 14.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 14.2 14.5
Aruba 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Australia 0 2.4 428.6 1.9 0 0.5 43.1 0.3 0 0 0 48.2 476.8
Austria 0 4.2 299.3 10.6 14.6 0 0 2.5 0 0 0 32.0 331.3
Azerbaijan 0 - 0.02 35.8 0 0.8 0 0 0 0 0 36.6 36.6
Bahamas 0 0.6 0 -2.8 0 0 1.9 0 0 0 0 -0.2 -0.2
Bahrain 0 2.0 20.2 0 0 0 0 21.8 0 0 0 23.7 43.9
Bangladesh 0 0 0.7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.7
Barbados 0 0 14.1 0 0 0 2.0 0 0 0 0 2.0 16.0
Belarus 0 0 0.1 0.3 87.1 0.4 0 0 0 0 0 87.8 87.9
Belgium 0 4.9 37.0 0 860.1 0 24.9 2.8 0 0 0 892.6 929.6
Belize 0 0 9.9 -11.3 -1.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 -12.4 -2.5
Benin 0 0 5.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5.2
Bermuda 0 0 483.9 0 49.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 49.3 533.2
Bolivia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnia-Herzegovina 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Botswana 0 0 1.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.4
Brazil 0 1.1 3.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.1 4.5
Brunei Darussalam 0 0 7.0 0 0 0 0 2.2 0 0 0 2.2 9.2
Bulgaria 0 0.3 1.4 5.9 0 0 0.3 0 0 0 0.5 6.9 8.3
Burundi 0 0 1.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.1
Cambodia 0 0 57.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 57.6
Cameroon 0 0 0.7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.7
Canada 0 4.8 232.0 0.3 150.3 259.2 766.3 0.5 0 0 0 1,181.4 1,413.4
Cape Verde 0 0 1.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.2
Cayman Islands 0 2.5 2,556.8 -3.7 36.7 0.3 7.6 15.3 0 0 0 58.7 2,615.5
Central African Republic 0 0 0.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.5
Chad 0 0 1.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.1
Chile 0 0 0.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.3
Colombia 0 0.1 0.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0.3
Comoros 0 0 0.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.3
Congo (DRC) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cook Islands 0 0 15.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 15.4
Costa Rica 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cote d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) 0 0 0.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.3
Croatia 0 0 3.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3.0
Cuba 0 0 0 0 0 0.04 0 0 0 0 0 0.04 0.04
Cyprus 0 6.9 7.3 23.7 116.4 34.1 5.4 0 0 6.2 0 192.6 199.9
Czech Republic 0 0.5 1.7 17.4 11.5 0.1 0.4 0 0 0 0 29.8 31.5
Denmark 0 2.8 89.3 2.8 14.9 0 4.6 0.4 0 0 0 25.5 114.7
Djibouti 0 0 3.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3.2
Dominica 0 0 2.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.6
Dominican Republic 0 0 1.8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.8
Ecuador 0 0 0.02 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.02
Egypt 0 0.7 0.1 0.6 0 0.03 0 13.2 0 0 0 14.5 14.6
Equatorial Guinea 0 0 1.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.1
Eritrea 0 0 1.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.1
Estonia 0 0.2 8.2 2.2 -4.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 -2.5 5.7
Ethiopia 0 0 1.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.6
Fiji 0 0 0.7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.7
Finland 0 1.9 28.3 2.2 15.5 0 0 2.6 0 0 0 22.2 50.5
France 1.3 11.0 793.4 19.4 1,071.6 0.4 9.0 6.7 5.3 12.0 10.2 1,146.9 1,940.3
Gabon 0 0 1.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.0
Gambia 0 0 3.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3.1
Georgia 0 0 3.0 - 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3.0
Germany 0 11.9 1,658.1 21.9 331.9 3.3 109.2 57.7 0 0 26.1 562.0 2,220.0
Ghana 0 0 2.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.0
Gibraltar 0 0 0 1.2 -0.02 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.2 1.2
Greece 0 0.4 6.2 1.3 3.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 4.9 11.1
Grenada 0 0 0.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.9
Guernsey 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Guinea 0 0 1.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.3
Guinea Bissau 0 0 3.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3.4
Guyana 0 0 0.01 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.01
Honduras 0 0 0.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.6
Hong Kong, China 0 4.7 96,298.9 0 56.0 0.04 35.5 172.3 0 0 0 268.6 96,567.5
Hungary 0 0.8 21.9 2.7 18.6 0 0 39.7 0 0 0 61.9 83.8
Iceland 0 0 0 -1.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -1.5 -1.5
India 0 3.0 25.6 5.9 21.0 0.01 8.3 0 0 0 0 38.3 63.9
Indonesia 0 0 12.4 0 0 0 0 0.03 0 0 0 0.03 12.5
Iran 0 3.0 7.9 1.9 -6.0 0.2 0 0.2 0 0 0 -0.8 7.0
Iraq 0 0 0.4 -13.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -13.0 -12.7
Ireland 0 3.6 656.8 133.2 11.1 0.1 0.6 0.6 0 0 0 149.2 805.9
Isle of Man 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 29.3 20.3 5.0 0.01 0 0 0 0 0 25.3 54.6
Italy 0 6.2 191.9 -1.1 204.1 0.1 2.4 57.1 0 241.2 34.9 544.7 736.6
Jamaica 0 0 1.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.5
Japan 0 7.8 3,720.9 39.5 402.2 5.9 91.8 11.25 0 0 1.0 660.7 4,381.6
Jersey 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Jordan 0 0.7 1.0 -1.2 1.3 0.3 0 0 0 0 0 1.1 2.2
Kazakhstan 0 1.3 11.2 7.1 - 38.2 0 0 0 5.5 8.2 60.2 71.3
Kenya 0 0 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1
Kiribati 0 0 2.8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.8
Kuwait 0 3.5 7.4 0 0 0.02 0 32.2 0 0 0 35.8 43.2
Kyrgyz Republic 0 0 0.01 0.1 3.2 - 0.6 0 0 3.8 3.8
Lao PDR 0 0 3.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3.1
Latvia 0 0 1.0 2.1 23.2 0.01 0 0 0 0 0 25.3 26.3
Lebanon 0 1.0 0.4 1.8 54.9 0 0.7 9.3 0 0 0 67.6 68.0
Lesotho 0 0 0.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.3
Liberia 0 0 0.02 0 0 0 0 0.3 0 0 0 0.3 0.3
Libya 0 0 1.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.3
Liechtenstein 0 0 0 0.5 -8.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 -8.1 -8.1
Lithuania 0 0 2.9 4.0 -0.04 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 4.1 7.0
Luxembourg 0 0 332.2 68.8 117.8 0.6 20.2 25.4 6.1 0 0 238.9 571.2
Macau, China 0 0 1,735.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1,735.4
Madagascar 0 0 0.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.5
Malawi 0 0 2.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.4
Malaysia 0 2.6 70.1 0 0 0 0.4 51.9 0 0 0 54.9 125.1
Mali 0 0 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1
Malta 0 1.0 15.3 -11.1 0 0 0 111.1 0 0 0 101.0 116.3
Marshall Islands 0 0 57.8 34.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 34.0 91.8
Mauritania 0 0 0.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.3
Mauritius 0 0 269.9 4.0 0 0 3.7 0 0 0 7.8 277.7
Mexico 0 0 0.01 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.01
Micronesia, Federated States of 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moldova 0 0 0.2 0.02 0.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 0.4
Mongolia 0 0 0.8 0 0 0 - 0 0 0 0 0 0.8
Montenegro 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0.2 3.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 4.1
Mozambique 0 0 2.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.6
Myanmar 0 0 2.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.2
Namibia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nauru 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 5.4 0 2.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.3 7.7
Netherlands 0 41.1 1,795.4 100.4 7,334.2 61.4 68.3 141.9 0 0 0 7,747.3 9,542.7
Netherlands Antilles 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
New Zealand 0 0 44.1 0 0 0 2.8 0 0 0 0 2.8 46.9
Niger 0 0 0.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.3
Nigeria 0 0 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1
North Korea 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Macedonia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Norway 0 0 51.5 -0.1 0 0.03 0 443.5 0 0 0 443.4 494.9
Oman 0 0.6 8.7 0 0 0 0 1.1 0 0 0 1.7 10.4
Pakistan 0 0.5 0.03 0 0 1.6 0 - 0 0 0 2.0 2.1
Palau 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Palestine 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Panama 0 1.1 15.3 76.8 182.8 0 0 0 0 0 0 260.7 276.0
Papua New Guinea 0 0 1.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.6
Paraguay 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 1.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.2
PRC 0 10.8 - 43.8 1,692.5 338.1 327.3 751.1 0 -38.3 99.0 3,224.2 3,224.2
Philippines 0 0.3 13.8 0.1 0 0 1.2 1.4 0 0 0 2.9 16.8
Poland 0 0.9 12.9 3.6 -13.2 0.02 0 1.4 0 0 0.4 -7.0 5.9
Portugal 0 0 0.7 -0.2 0.7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.5 1.2
Qatar 0 1.6 18.2 0 0 0 5.0 2.0 0 0 0 8.6 26.8
Republic of Korea 0 5.1 5,538.2 22.4 466.9 1.3 10.2 47.1 0 0 0 553.0 6,091.2
Republic of the Congo 0 0 0.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.6
Romania 0 0 4.0 0.3 33.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 33.9 37.9
Russian Federation 0 18.1 54.0 54.5 1,408.6 38.2 30.3 0 0 -50.2 1,499.5 1,553.5
Rwanda 0 0 0.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.2
Saint Kitts and Nevis 0 0 10.8 -1.7 0 0 0.9 0 0 0 0 -0.8 10.0
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0 0 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1
Samoa 0 0 1,191.8 0 0 0.01 0 0 0 0 0 0 1,191.8
San Marino 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 3.0 11.7 -0.2 0 0 0 12.0 0 0 0 14.8 26.5
Senegal 0 0 1.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.1
Serbia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0
Seychelles 0 0 192.7 3.1 -0.7 0.4 2.0 0 0 0 0 4.7 197.4
Sierra Leone 0 0 2.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.2
Singapore 0 6.7 7,590.6 0 165.9 0 135.1 19.2 0 0 0 326.9 7,917.6
Slovak Republic 0 0 1.1 0.1 -0.4 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 -0.1 1.0
Slovenia 0 0.1 11.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 11.7
Solomon Islands 0 0 0.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.6
South Africa 0 0 3.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3.1
Spain 0 4.7 118.0 -3.1 17.3 0 8.2 0 0 0 4.4 31.6 149.6
Sri Lanka 0 0 6.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6.6
Sudan 0 0 0.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.5
Suriname 0 0 0.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.6
Sweden 0 5.9 373.9 4.7 54.9 0 10.3 27.1 0 0.1 0.1 102.9 476.8
Switzerland 0 13.8 644.9 -2.9 2,245.9 103.3 4.1 89.6 0 0 0 2,453.8 3,098.7
Syria 0 0.4 0.7 0.4 0 0 0.3 0 0 0 1.0 1.7
Taipei, China 0 1.6 1,587.4 0 0 0 13.6 0 0 0 0 15.3 1,602.7
Tajikistan 0 0 1.0 0 0 0.01 0 0 - 0 0 0.01 1.0
Tanzania 0 0 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1
Thailand 0 1.6 105.8 0 0 0 8.0 0.6 0 0 0 10.2 116.0
Timor-Leste 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Togo 0 0 1.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.2
Tonga 0 0 1.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.6
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 4.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4.9
Tunisia 0 0 0.9 0 0.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.6 1.5
Turkey 0 2.7 11.2 175.3 357.8 94.6 1.0 65.1 0 4.0 7.0 707.6 718.8
Turkmenistan 0 0 1.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 - 0 0 1.3
Turks and Caicos Islands 0 0 1.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.1
United Arab Emirates 0 8.7 21.4 21.4 157.3 0.1 9.2 143.6 0 0 0 340.2 361.6
United Kingdom 0 25.2 857.1 236.6 613.7 73.2 25.1 192.1 0 0 0 1,165.8 2,022.9
Uganda 0 0 2.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.9
Ukraine 0 0.5 0.2 24.9 6.3 0.02 0.5 0 0 0 0 32.2 32.4
US 0 24.1 2,686.4 111.5 5,550.8 6.6 138.9 116.3 0 -5.0 5.0 5,948.1 8,634.4
Uruguay 0 0 5.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5.2
US Virgin Islands 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbekistan 0 0 5.6 0.8 1.8 0.1 0.6 0 0 0 - 3.3 8.9
Vanuatu 0 0 1.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.9
Venezuela 0 0.1 2.7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 2.8
Viet Nam 0 0.4 17.2 0 0 0 2.8 0 0 0 0 3.3 20.5
Virgin Islands (British) 0 0.0 4,963.9 -34.0 175.8 2.0 0 0 0 0 0 143.7 5,107.6
Yemen 0 0.0 1.7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.7
Zambia 0 0.0 0.8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.8
Zimbabwe 0 0.0 0.8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.8
Unspecified 37.2 1,225.5 0 -12.1 -20,998.0 -857.9 498.4 -575.2 201.4 1,940.3 2,139.4 -16,401.0 -16,401.0
TOTAL 38.5 1,503.9 138,318.9 1,267.7 3,118.1 208.7 2,443.3 2,218.0 212.8 2,165.9 2,286.3 15,463.3 153,782.2
PRC = People's Republic of China; US = United States
NOTE: (1) Foreign direct investment flows with a negative sign indicate that at least one of three subcomponents (equity capital, reinvested earnings, other capital related to intercompany debt) is negative and not offset by positive amounts of the remaining subcomponents. (2) Two decimal places denote values less than US$50,000.
SOURCE: ADB, Asia Regional Integration Center database (accessed February 2021)

Cumulative Foreign Direct Investment Inflows into CAREC Countries, 2001 to  2019 ($ million)

Cumulative Foreign Direct Investment Inflows into CAREC Countries, 2001 to 2019 ($ million)
Source Country Afghanistan Azerbaijan PRC Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyz Republic Mongolia Pakistan Tajikistan Turkmenistan Uzbekistan Inflows into CAREC
(excluding PRC)
Inflows into CAREC
(including PRC)
Afghanistan - 0 78.1 0 0 15.2 0 0 0 0 0 15.2 93.2
Albania 0 0.1 0.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 1.1
Algeria 0 0 32.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 32.6
Angola 0 0 39.8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 39.8
Antigua 0 0 33.9 0 0 0 1.0 0 0 0 1.0 34.9
Argentina 0 1.4 151.4 0.1 0 0 0 0.4 0 0 0 1.9 153.3
Armenia 0 0 14.3 104.4 7.7 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 112.2 126.6
Aruba 0 0 0 0 2.8 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.8 2.8
Australia 0 7.3 7,183.5 39.4 9.0 159.1 766.3 460.9 0 0 0 1,442.0 8,625.4
Austria 0 78.9 2,212.9 222.0 2,925.8 15.4 0 234.5 0 0 0 3,476.5 5,689.4
Azerbaijan 0 - 8.1 2,799.2 172.5 1.4 0 0 0 0 0 2,973.1 2,981.2
Bahamas 0 2.2 1,524.5 -2.2 -159.5 0.6 16.5 33.1 0 0 0 -109.3 1,415.2
Bahrain 0 158.5 36.1 0 -7.3 0 0 127.7 0 0 0 278.8 314.9
Bangladesh 0 0 40.6 0 0 0 0 15.4 0 0 0 15.4 56.0
Barbados 0 0 4,717.0 0 171.5 0 44.8 0 0 0 0 216.3 4,933.3
Belarus 0 0 35.3 4.2 1,039.7 51.5 0 0 0 0 0 1,095.5 1,130.7
Belgium 0 99.5 1,575.0 3.3 8,103.8 0.4 155.4 9.4 0 0 0 8,371.6 9,946.7
Belize 0 0 415.7 104.1 97.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 201.1 616.8
Benin 0 0 28.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 28.2
Bermuda 0 0 11,525.8 0 1,447.4 0 127.4 0 0 0 0 1,574.8 13,100.6
Bolivia 0 0 28.7 0 0 0.03 0 0 0 0 0 0.03 28.8
Bosnia-Herzegovina 0 0 0.7 0 0 0 0 0.6 0 0 0 0.6 1.3
Botswana 0 0 12.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 12.4
Brazil 0 2.0 653.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.0 655.2
Brunei Darussalam 0 0 2,796.4 0 0 0 0 22.3 0 0 0 22.3 2,818.7
Bulgaria 0 7.4 68.9 44.4 30.6 0.1 3.9 0 0 0 8.8 95.2 164.1
Burundi 0 0 1.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.2
Cambodia 0 0 238.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 238.3
Cameroon 0 0 13.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 13.2
Canada 0 78.1 8,609.9 14.1 5,613.5 2,005.0 9.769.4 66.1 0 0 0 17,546.2 26,156.0
Cape Verde 0 0 8.7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 8.7
Cayman Islands 0 39.5 42,532.8 28.4 1,010.6 2.1 80.9 173.1 0 0 0 1,334.5 43,867.3
Central African Republic 0 0 1.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.3
Chad 0 0 1.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.1
Chile 0 0 144.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 144.4
Colombia 0 0.4 14.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.4 14.9
Comoros 0 0 0.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.3
Congo (DRC) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cook Islands 0 0 96.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 96.5
Costa Rica 0 0 9.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 9.1
Cote d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) 0 0 0.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.6
Croatia -0.04 0 14.7 -1.4 8.4 0 0 0 0 0.5 7.5 22.1
Cuba 0 0 59.7 0 0 0.2 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 59.9
Cyprus 0 2,204.9 171.0 276.2 2,493.8 235.7 16.4 0 0 5.5 0.2 5,232.7 5,403.7
Czech Republic 0 32.3 265.2 807.2 235.9 1.3 10.3 0 0 0 -3.3 1,083.8 1,349.1
Denmark -15.5 40.2 3,835.6 236.9 95.6 0 5.1 1.6 0 0.1 -33.4 330.6 4,166.2
Djibouti 0 0 8.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 8.0
Dominica 0 0 15.3 0 0 3.2 0 0 0 0 0 3.2 18.5
Dominican Republic 0 0 20.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 20.0
Ecuador 0 0 7.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7.0
Egypt 0 6.7 69.9 87.0 0 0.5 0 307.3 0 0 0 401.5 471.4
Equatorial Guinea 0 0 7.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7.4
Eritrea 0 0 1.7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.7
Estonia 0 8.3 11.1 94.3 67.3 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 170.0 181.1
Ethiopia 0 0 6.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6.4
Fiji 0 0 4.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4.2
Finland 0 11.0 1,306.8 8.2 359.9 0 0 55.4 0 0 0 434.4 1,741.2
France 7.5 1,036.4 13,875.7 206.9 16,785.0 15.4 191.7 378.1 5.3 12.0 10.2 18,648.5 32,524.2
Gabon 0 0 10.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 10.1
Gambia 0 0 34.7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 34.7
Georgia 0 0 11.5 - -0.6 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 -0.6 10.9
Germany -16.4 490.6 29,174.2 394.9 5,002.9 387.0 268.3 626.5 7.1 129.3 139.6 7,429.8 36,604.0
Ghana 0 0 66.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 66.4
Gibraltar 0 0 39.4 22.7 335.8 0 0 0 0 0 0 358.5 397.9
Greece 0.2 0.9 89.4 38.8 3.8 0 0 0 0 0 0 43.8 133.2
Grenada 0. 3.8 0 0 0.4 0 0 0 0 0 0.4 4.2
Guernsey 0 0 0 0 283.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 283.6 283.6
Guinea 0 0 10.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 10.6
Guinea Bissau 0 0 13.7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 13.7
Guyana 0 0 0.7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.7
Honduras 0 0 22.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 22.5
Hong Kong, China 0 9.3 1,024,143.6 0 54.1 6.9 236.4 1,917.4 0 0 0 2,224.0 1,026,367.6
Hungary 0 22.5 329.3 11.1 236.9 21.4 0 216.2 0 0 0 508.0 837.3
Iceland 0 1.4 43.1 -1.5 3.0 1.4 0 5.8 0 0 0 10.1 53.2
India 0 278.7 905.9 64.2 342.4 17.0 15.8 0 0 0 0 718.1 1,623.9
Indonesia 0 0 1,784.9 0 263.0 0 0 2.4 0 0 0 265.4 2,050.2
Iran 0 50.2 121.2 35.2 124.6 26.8 0 75.1 0 0 0 311.8 433.0
Iraq 0 0 27.6 -19.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -19.3 8.3
Ireland 0 6.2 2,635.5 140.3 143.9 0.2 4.2 2.5 0 0 0 297.3 2,932.9
Isle of Man 0 0 0 0 -1.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 -1.9 -1.9
Israel 0 16.0 376.0 139.4 232.5 12.3 7.9 0 0 0 0 408.2 784.2
Italy -40.7 159.7 5,665.3 158.3 8,361.8 5.2 64.1 728.5 135.1 278.9 39.6 9,890.4 15,555.7
Jamaica 0 0 9.8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 9.8
Japan 3.4 2,598.2 87,737.6 183.8 6,906.0 23.0 812.0 944.2 1.2 0 3.2 11,475.0 99,212.6
Jersey 0 0 0 0 47.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 47.9 47.9
Jordan 0 1.6 59.6 -32.6 13.8 5.0 0 0 0 0 0 -12.3 47.3
Kazakhstan 0 76.9 149.3 256.2 - 1,311.3 18.7 0 80.5 44.0 76.2 1,863.8 2,013.1
Kenya 0 0 16.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 16.5
Kiribati 0 0 6.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6.5
Kuwait 0 23.6 62.9 0 52.0 15.7 0 446.5 0 0 0 537.8 600.7
Kyrgyz Republic 0 0 20.1 24.4 -98.4 - 2.0 0 0 0 0 -72.0 -51.9
Lao PDR 0 0 54.7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 54.7
Latvia 0 0 4.2 42.3 94.9 32.9 0 0 0 0 8.8 178.9 183.1
Lebanon 0 9.1 52.2 0.3 -2.1 0.2 2.8 81.6 0 0 0 91.9 144.1
Lesotho 0 0 2.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.6
Liberia 0 0 30.0 0 4,525.0 0 0 2.3 0 0 0 4,527.2 4,557.2
Libya 0 0 7.7 0.9 0 0 0 34.4 0 0 0 35.3 43.0
Liechtenstein 0 0.7 73.5 42.2 208.6 0.5 0 0 0 0 0 252.0 325.5
Lithuania 0 0 49.8 22.4 31.5 5.9 0 0 0.1 -0.8 -0.4 58.7 108.5
Luxembourg 0 0 6,109.0 781.8 207.5 9.5 1,165.5 158.8 7.5 0 0 2,330.6 8,439.6
Macau, China 0 0 13,196.8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 13,196.8
Madagascar 0 0 43.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 43.6
Malawi 0 0 2.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.4
Malaysia 0 1,911.6 5,594.6 0 -485.0 0.2 37.7 1,263.4 0 1,560.8 0 4,288.6 9,883.2
Mali 0 0 1.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.0
Malta 0 5.5 86.9 228.0 10.9 0 0 111.1 0 0 0 355.6 442.4
Marshall Islands 0 0 739.6 93.2 54.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 147.5 887.1
Mauritania 0 0 0.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.4
Mauritius 0 0 14,393.4 31.7 36.1 0 13.7 968.4 0 0 0 1,049.9 15,443.3
Mexico 0 0 156.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 156.9
Micronesia, Federated States of 0 0 1.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.2
Moldova 0 1.0 0.9 -1.3 98.5 0.4 0 0 0 0 0 98.7 99.5
Mongolia 0 0 20.4 0 10.5 0 - 0 0 0 0 10.5 30.9
Montenegro 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Morocco 0 5.3 8.8 0 0 9.8 0 0 0 0 0 15.0 23.8
Mozambique 0 0 17.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 17.4
Myanmar 0 0 93.7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 93.7
Namibia 0 0 54.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 54.5
Nauru 0 0 19.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 19.4
Nepal 0 0 7.2 0 3.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3.0 10.2
Netherlands 16.5 1,317.6 18,271.3 2,358.9 95,588.8 190.0 3,569.8 2,341.0 8.1 160.6 1,121.8 106,673.1 124,944.4
Netherlands Antilles 0 0 0 0 67.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 67.0 67.0
New Zealand 0 0 1,310.4 0 0 0 12.3 4.1 0 0 5.6 22.0 1,332.4
Niger 0 0 6.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6.9
Nigeria 0 0 248.7 0 0 0 0 1.1 0 0 0 1.1 249.8
North Korea 0 0 33.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 33.6
North Macedonia 0 0 0.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.3
Norway 0 3,383.5 576.2 191.7 1,580.4 0.2 0 1,786.6 0 0 0 6,942.3 7,518.5
Oman 0 5.9 19.1 0 297.4 0 0 199.4 0 0 0 502.7 521.8
Pakistan 0 4.6 108.5 0 30.9 66.9 0 - 0 0 0 102.4 210.9
Palau 0 0 52.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 52.5
Palestine 0 0 3.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3.0
Panama 0 239.2 585.4 454.9 1,213.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 1,907.4 2,492.8
Papua New Guinea 0 0 7.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7.2
Paraguay 0 0 42.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 42.4
Peru 0 0 21.8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 21.8
PRC 476.3 49.0 - 686.8 19,853.3 2,988.8 6,940.4 8,742.3 1,550.1 120.3 672.0 42,079.1 42,079.1
Philippines 0 1.0 2,336.5 1.7 16.6 0 11.9 104.9 0 0 0 136.0 2,472.4
Poland 0 20.7 194.6 16.8 229.8 4.6 0 -29.6 -0.2 0.2 -3.2 298.2 492.8
Portugal 0 0 182.3 10.6 256.3 13.6 0 0 0 0 0 280.5 462.8
Qatar 0 2.0 65.4 0 0 0 8.1 12.7 0 0 0 22.8 88.2
Republic of Korea 0.1 167.0 72,149.6 179.1 5,990.9 137.5 563.6 304.8 1.5 0 236.3 7,580.8 79,730.5
Republic of the Congo 0 0 2.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.6
Romania 0 26.3 249.0 8.1 1,626.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1,660.5 1,909.5
Russian Federation -2.8 795.7 922.1 767.0 15,496.1 1,505.4 371.6 0 117.5 196.1 1,011.6 20,258.2 21,180.4
Rwanda 0 0 0.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.2
Saint Kitts and Nevis 0 0 98.9 -7.4 163.7 0 20.4 0 0 0 0 176.6 275.5
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0 0 22.6 0 3.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 3.1 25.8
Samoa 0 0 29,020.5 0 0 2.7 0 0 0 0 0 2.7 29,023.3
San Marino 0 0 16.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 16.2
Saudi Arabia 0 334.6 1,619.6 61.2 21.5 0 0 431.6 0 0 0 848.9 2,468.5
Senegal 0 0 4.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4.3
Serbia 0 0.5 0.2 0 1.3 2.2 0 0 0 0.1 -0.1 3.9 4.1
Seychelles 0 0 3,042.3 46.4 108.8 74.2 2.6 0 0 0 0 232.1 3,274.4
Sierra Leone 0 0 6.7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6.7
Singapore 0 100.6 85,637.0 0 497.1 0 2,361.2 724.4 0 0 0 3,683.3 89,320.3
Slovak Republic 0 0 92.4 16.1 33.2 0.1 0 0 0 0 0.2 49.5 141.9
Slovenia 0 13.7 32.4 0.1 10.0 0 0 0 0 0 0.6 24.4 56.7
Solomon Islands 0 0 0.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.9
South Africa 0 0 743.8 0 1.1 -1.4 0 10.7 0 0 0 10.4 754.1
Spain 0 8.5 3,713.0 14.8 249.5 0.2 11.8 0 0 0 4.4 289.2 4,002.1
Sri Lanka 0 0 24.2 0 0 0 0 1.1 0 0 0 1.1 25.3
Sudan 0 0 6.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6.9
Suriname 0 0 20.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 20.1
Sweden -2.4 12.0 4,755.4 21.6 333.4 0.03 11.5 159.5 -0.1 -0.1 -2.9 532.6 5,288.0
Switzerland 0 412.4 6,853.6 283.0 27,204.5 213.5 166.2 2,451.9 0 0 0 30,731.5 37,585.1
Syria 0 0.7 42.7 2.7 0 0.2 1.3 0 0 0 0 4.9 47.6
Taipei, China 0 2.2 43,149.7 0 0 0 23.4 0 0 0 0 25.7 43,175.3
Tajikistan 0 0 1.2 0 10.4 3.4 0 0 - 0 0 13.8 15.0
Tanzania 0 0 46.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 46.3
Thailand 1.2 11.7 2,378.3 0 0 0 10.5 31.6 0 0 0 55.0 2,433.3
Timor-Leste 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Togo 0 0 3.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3.6
Tonga 0 0 8.8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 8.8
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 4.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4.9
Tunisia 0 0 15.3 0 0.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.6 15.9
Turkey 1.0 7,064.0 268.3 1,737.0 3,539.2 612.5 23.1 382.5 26.0 15.0 62.0 13,462.3 13,730.6
Turkmenistan 0 0 2.9 0 0 0.3 0 0 0 - 0 0.3 3.2
Turks and Caicos Islands 0 0 19.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 19.0
United Arab Emirates 0 808.2 1,245.5 1,102.1 2,278.9 84.1 9.8 5,645.1 0 0 0 9,928.0 11,173.5
United Kingdom 0 13,909.5 16,618.4 2,336.9 16,743.6 979.3 446.9 5,359.6 0 0 0 39,775.7 56,394.1
Uganda 0 0 60.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 60.6
Ukraine 0 25.0 106.4 68.9 151.6 6.4 6.0 0 0 0 1.7 259.7 366.2
US -5.0 4,518.9 57,713.5 1,407.5 48,379.4 209.6 1,487.1 7,226.6 7.0 -51.0 9.0 63,189.1 120,902.6
Uruguay 0 0 61.7 0 -1.8 0 0 0 0 0 0 -1.8 59.9
US Virgin Islands 0 0 0 0 9.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 9.1 9.1
Uzbekistan 0 0 12.2 9.8 35.9 9.5 2.2 0 0 0 - 57.3 69.5
Vanuatu 0 0 92.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 92.6
Venezuela 0.0 0.2 29.9 0 0 0.02 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 30.1
Viet Nam 0 1.1 198.2 0 0 0 26.5 0 0 0 0 27.7 225.9
Virgin Islands (British) 0 117.6 155,922.0 471.5 10.628.1 65.9 1,105.5 0 0 0 0 12,388.6 168,310.6
Yemen 0 0 73.8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 73.8
Zambia 0 0 50.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 50.0
Zimbabwe 0 0 16.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 16.3
Unspecified 1,521.2 -12,126.8 0 456.3 -179,869.9 -5,651.7 -13,414.3 -4,760.4 3,138.2 34,757.5 12,352.3 -163,597.5 -163,597.5
TOTAL 1,944.8 30,711.1 1,810,202.1 20,437.8 140,390.6 5,918.0 17,617.6 40,660.9 5,084.9 37,228.4 15,721.4 315,715.4 2,125,917.5
PRC = People's Republic of China; US = United States
NOTE: (1) Cumulative means the sum of flows from 2001 to 2019. Flows with a negative sign indicate that at least one of three subcomponents (equity capital, reinvested earnings, other capital related to intercompany debt) is negative and not offset by positive amounts of the remaining subcomponents. (2) Two decimal places denote values less than US$50,000.
SOURCE: ADB, Asia Regional Integration Center database (accessed February 2021)

Foreign Direct Investment Outflows from CAREC Countries, 2019 ($ million)

Foreign Direct Investment Outflows from CAREC Countries, 2019 ($ million)
Destination Country Afghanistan Azerbaijan PRC Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyz Republic Mongolia Pakistan Tajikistan Turkmenistan Uzbekistan Outflows from CAREC
(excluding PRC)
Outflows from CAREC
(including PRC)
Afghanistan - 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Albania 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 33.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 33.6
Angola 0 0 57.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 57.4
Antigua 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Argentina 0 0 77.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 77.9
Armenia 0 0 0 0.4 1.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.6 1.6
Aruba 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Australia 0 0 3,017.8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3,017.8
Austria 0.7 2.6 98.6 2.3 7.9 1.2 0.3 2.6 0.2 0.5 1.5 19.8 118.4
Azerbaijan 0 - 10.8 0 1.3 0 0 0.5 0 0 0 1.8 12.6
Bahamas 0 0 118.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 118.6
Bahrain 0 0 41.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 41.0
Bangladesh 0 0 90.1 0 0 0 0 11.3 0 0 0 11.3 101.4
Barbados 0 0 17.7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 17.7
Belarus 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Belgium 1.6 5.6 210.5 4.7 19.7 3.0 0.7 6.3 0.5 1.2 3.7 47.1 257.5
Belize 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Benin 0 0 7.8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7.8
Bermuda 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bolivia 0 0 20.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 20.0
Bosnia-Herzegovina 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Botswana 0 0 11.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 11.4
Brazil 0 0 104.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 104.5
Brunei Darussalam 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bulgaria 0.5 2.3 12.3 2.2 6.0 0.9 0.2 2.0 0.2 0.4 1.2 15.8 28.1
Burundi 0 0 1.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.4
Cambodia 0 0.1 0 0 0 0 0.03 0.2 0 0 0.1 0.4 0.4
Cameroon 0 0 9.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 9.3
Canada 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cape Verde 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayman Islands 0 0 770.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 770.9
Central African Republic 0 0 4.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4.3
Chad 0 0 8.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 8.6
Chile 0 0 201.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 201.3
Colombia 0.04 0 10.1 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0.2 10.3
Comoros 0 0 0.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.9
Congo (DRC) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cook Islands 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Costa Rica 0 0 17.8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 17.8
Cote d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) 0 0 13.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 13.6
Croatia 0.1 0.5 19.4 0.5 1.6 0.2 0.1 0.5 0.04 0.1 0.3 3.9 23.3
Cuba 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cyprus 0.5 2.4 50.8 2.2 4.7 0.8 0.1 1.7 0.1 0.4 1.0 13.9 64.6
Czech Republic 0.6 2.1 76.6 1.9 6.8 1.1 0.2 2.2 0.2 0.4 1.3 16.6 93.1
Denmark 0.5 1.9 88.5 1.6 6.8 1.0 0.2 2.1 0.2 0.4 1.3 16.1 104.6
Djibouti 0 0 11.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 11.4
Dominica 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dominican Republic 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ecuador 0 0 20.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 20.4
Egypt 0 0 156.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 156.6
Equatorial Guinea 0 0 9.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 9.4
Eritrea 0 0 4.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4.2
Estonia 0.2 0.7 -1.8 0.6 -0.8 0.4 0.1 0.8 0.1 0.2 0.5 2.6 0.8
Ethiopia 0 0 13.8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 13.8
Fiji 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Finland 0.5 2.0 88.7 1.6 7.1 1.1 0.2 2.1 0.2 0.4 1.3 16.6 105.2
France 2.9 10.2 489.4 8.6 35.7 5.5 1.3 11.5 0.9 2.2 6.6 85.3 574.7
Gabon 0 0 17.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 17.4
Gambia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgia 0 35.8 43.8 - 7.1 0.1 0 0 0 0 0.8 43.7 87.5
Germany 3.7 13.1 2,593.0 11.1 45.2 7.0 1.6 14.4 1.1 2.7 8.4 108.4 2,701.3
Ghana 0 0 15.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 15.0
Gibraltar 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greece 0.1 0.6 205.7 0.5 1.5 0.2 0.04 0.5 0.04 0.1 0.3 3.9 209.6
Grenada 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Guatemala 0 0 28.7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 28.7
Guinea 0 0 6.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6.1
Guinea Bissau 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Honduras 0 0 17.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 17.1
Hong Kong, China 0 0 37,838.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 37,838.9
Hungary 0.5 2.0 167.4 1.8 5.7 0.9 0.2 1.8 0.1 0.4 1.1 14.4 181.8
Iceland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
India 0.4 0 173.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.4 173.4
Indonesia 0.1 0.1 2,120.1 0.1 0.5 0.1 0.03 0.2 0 0.02 0.1 1.1 2,121.3
Iran 0 0 34.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 34.2
Iraq 0 0 24.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 24.2
Ireland 3.6 11.8 655.8 9.6 44.7 6.9 1.7 28.6 1.1 2.6 8.2 118.6 774.4
Isle of Man 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italy 1.3 4.8 186.3 4.1 14.6 2.3 0.5 4.9 0.4 1.0 2.8 36.5 222.8
Jamaica 0 0 23.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 23.3
Japan 0.9 1.7 1,911.3 1.2 13.2 1.9 0.6 4.0 0.3 0.5 2.0 26.3 1,937.6
Jersey 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Jordan 0 0 11.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 11.0
Kazakhstan 0 0 1,692.5 0 - 3.2 0 0 0 0 1.8 5.0 1,697.4
Kenya 0 0 13.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 13.4
Kiribati 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kuwait 0 0 22.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 22.4
Kyrgyz Republic 1.3 0.8 338.1 0 38.2 - 0 1.6 0.01 0 0.1 42.0 380.0
Lao PDR 0 0 1,247.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1,247.5
Latvia 0.2 0.8 31.3 0.7 2.6 0.4 0.1 0.8 0.1 0.2 0.5 6.1 37.4
Lebanon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lesotho 0 0 2.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.1
Liberia 0 0 30.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 30.3
Libya 0 0 24.3 0 0 0 0 0.7 0 0 0 0.7 25.0
Liechtenstein 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lithuania 0.2 0.7 27.6; 0.7 2.3 0.4 0.1 0.7 0.1 0.1 0.4 5.7 33.2
Luxembourg 3.9 14.0 640.2 11.9 47.8 7.4 1.7 15.3 1.2 2.9 8.9 114.9 755.1
Macau, China 0 0 984.8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 984.8
Madagascar 0 0 28.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 28.2
Malawi 0.1 0 19.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 19.5
Malaysia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Maldives 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mali 0 0 6.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6.6
Malta 0.1 0.5 18.2 0.4 1.4 0.2 0.1 1.0 0.04 0.1 0.3 4.1 22.3
Marshall Islands 0 0 12.1 0 -3.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 -3.3 8.8
Mauritania 0 0 6.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6.9
Mauritius 0 0 11.5 0 0 0 0 0.6 0 0 0 0.6 12.1
Mexico 0 0 131.1 0.9 0 0 0 1.9 0 0 0 2.8 133.9
Micronesia, Federated States of 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moldova 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mongolia 0 0 327.3 0 0 0.6 - 0 0 0 0.6 1.1 328.4
Montenegro 0 0 0 0 0.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.6 0.6
Morocco 0 0 17.9 0 0 0 0 0.4 0 0 0 0.4 18.3
Mozambique 0 0 34.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 34.9
Myanmar 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Namibia 0 0 24.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 24.1
Nauru 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 51.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 51.2
Netherlands 6.9 24.2 1,172.6 20.3 85.3 13.2 3.0 27.0 2.0 5.1 15.8 202.8 1,375.4
New Zealand 0 0 21.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 21.1
Niger 0 0 6.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6.4
Nigeria 0 0 115.0 0 0 0 0 5.8 0 0 0 5.8 120.8
North Korea 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Macedonia 0 0 28.4 0 0 0 0 0.01 0 0 0 0.01 28.4
Norway 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oman 0 0 208.1 0 0 0 0 11.6 0 0 0 11.6 219.7
Pakistan 0 0 715.1 0 0 0 0 - 0 0 0 0 751.1
Palau 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Palestine 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Panama 0 0 56.8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 56.8
Papua New Guinea 0 0 -79.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -79.0
Paraguay 0 0 1.8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.8
Peru 0 0 30.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 30.4
PRC 3.4 0.02 - 3.0 11.2 0.01 0.8 0.03 1.0 1.2 5.6 26.1 26.1
Philippines 0.02 0.04 199.4 0 0.3 0.04 0.02 0.2 0 0 0 0.6 200.0
Poland 0.9 3.6 134.6 3.2 11.0 1.7 0.4 3.4 0.3 0.7 2.1 27.2 161.7
Portugal 0.4 1.3 70.2 1.1 4.8 0.7 0.2 1.6 0.1 0.3 0.9 11.4 81.6
Qatar 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Republic of Korea 0 0 0 1.2 0 2.0 1.4 4.2 0 0 2.0 10.8 10.8
Republic of the Congo 0 0 25.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 25.6
Romania 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Russian Federation 2.2 25.7 407.2 22.4 163.8 19.5 0 0 1.5 0 11.8 246.8 654.0
Rwanda 0 0 17.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 17.6
Saint Kitts and Nevis 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Samoa 0 0 12.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 12.4
San Marino 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 2.6 0 228.8 0 0 0 0 9.6 0 0 0 12.2 241.1
Senegal 0 0 8.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 8.6
Serbia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Seychelles 0 0 16.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 16.3
Sierra Leone 0 0 3.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3.0
Singapore 0 0 3,762.3 0 0 0 0 6.8 0 0 0 6.8 3,769.1
Slovak Republic 0.6 2.5 92.7 2.2 7.5 1.2 0.3 2.4 0.2 0.5 1.4 18.8 111.4
Slovenia 0.2 0.9 34.0 0.8 2.7 0.4 0.1 0.9 0.1 0.2 0.5 6.7 40.6
Solomon Islands 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Africa 0 0 117.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 117.3
Spain 1.7 5.7 286.2 4.7 20.2 3.1 0.7 6.7 0.5 1.2 3.8 48.4 334.7
Sri Lanka 0 0 7.8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7.8
Sudan 0 0 8.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 8.1
Suriname 0 0 12.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 12.6
Sweden 0.7 2.6 121.8 2.2 9.3 1.4 0.3 2.8 0.2 0.5 1.7 21.8 143.6
Switzerland 1.3 4.5 197.6 3.8 14.9 2.3 0.5 4.9 0.4 0.9 2.8 36.3 233.9
Syria 0 0 19.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 19.6
Taipei, China 0 0 756.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 756.3
Tajikistan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 - 0 0 0 0
Tanzania 0 0 42.7 0 0 0 0 2.4 0 0 0 2.4 45.1
Thailand 0.2 0.3 534.3 0.2 0 0.3 0.1 0.8 0.04 0 0.3 2.2 536.5
Timor-Leste 0 0 -10.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -10.3
Togo 0 0 6.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6.9
Tonga 0 0 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 25.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 25.9
Turkey 0.8 5.1 96.1 5.1 8.7 1.4 0.2 3.0 0.2 0.7 1.8 27.0 123.1
Turkmenistan 0 0 -38.3 0 5.4 0 0 0 0 - 0 5.4 -32.8
Turks and Caicos Islands 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
United Kingdom 1.4 4.8 247.7 4.0 17.5 2.7 0.6 24.2 0.4 1.0 3.2 60.1 307.7
Uganda 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 2.6 77.6 2.5 7.0 0 0 0 0 0 1.4 13.5 91.1
US 4.9 13.2 4,259.0 10.1 62.7 9.4 2.9 40.2 1.4 3.1 10.8 158.7 4,417.7
Uruguay 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
US Virgin Islands 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbekistan 0 0 99.0 0 8.2 0 0 0 0 0 - 8.2 107.2
Vanuatu 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Venezuela 0 0 59.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 59.9
Viet Nam 0.2 0.3 0 0 2.2 0.3 0.1 0.8 0 0.1 0 3.9 3.9
Virgin Islands (British) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yemen 0 0 30.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 30.4
Zambia 0 0 31.7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 31.7
Zimbabwe 0 0 11.8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 11.8
Unspecified 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
TOTAL 53.0 214.1 72,138.0 156.3 762.6 106.4 21.6 280.1 14.9 32.3 121.1 1,762.4 73,900.4
PRC = People's Republic of China; US = United States
NOTE: (1) Flows with a negative sign indicate that at least one of three subcomponents (equity capital, reinvested earnings, other capital related to intercompany debt) is negative and not offset by positive amounts of the remaining subcomponents. (2) Two decimal places denote values less than US$50,000.
SOURCE: ADB, Asia Regional Integration Center database (accessed February 2021)

Cumulative Foreign Direct Investment Outflows from CAREC Countries, 2001 to 2019 ($ million)

Cumulative Foreign Direct Investment Outflows from CAREC Countries, 2001 to 2019 ($ million)
Afghanistan Azerbaijan PRC Georgia Kazakhstan Kyrgyz Republic Mongolia Pakistan Tajikistan Turkmenistan Uzbekistan Outflows from CAREC
(excluding PRC)
Outflows from CAREC
(including PRC)
Afghanistan - 0 476.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 476.3
Albania 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 519.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 519.9
Angola 0 0 685.7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 685.7
Antigua 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Argentina 0 0 1,014.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1,014.4
Armenia 0 0 1.3 -0.9 11.0 0 0 0 0 0 -0.01 10.1 11.4
Aruba 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Australia 0 0 41,144.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 41,144.3
Austria 0.7 2.6 189.5 2.3 7.9 1.2 0.3 2.6 0.2 0.5 1.5 19.8 209.2
Azerbaijan 0 - 49.0 0 76.9 0 0 4.6 0 0 0 81.5 130.4
Bahamas 0 0 170.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 170.9
Bahrain 0 0 44.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 44.1
Bangladesh 0 0 384.2 0 0 0 0 491.4 0 0 0 491.4 875.6
Barbados 0 0 20.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 20.0
Belarus 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Belgium 1.6 512.9 359.3 22.8 137.8 3.0 0.7 -45.3 0.5 1.2 3.7 638.9 998.22
Belize 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Benin 0 0 10.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 10.6
Bermuda 0 0 201.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 201.2
Bolivia 0 0 32.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 32.2
Bosnia-Herzegovina 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Botswana 0 0 139.8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 139.8
Brazil 0 0 3,680.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3,680.2
Brunei Darussalam 0 0 250.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 250.5
Bulgaria 0.5 6.7 111.7 3.2 29.0 3.6 0.2 2.0 0.2 0.4 1.9 47.7 159.4
Burundi 0 0 3.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3.6
Cambodia 0 0.1 4,653.9 0 118.1 20.8 2.9 0.8 0 0 0.7 143.5 4,797.4
Cameroon 0 0 49.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 49.0
Canada 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cape Verde 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayman Islands 0 0 34,611.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 34,611.0
Central African Republic 0 0 32.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 32.6
Chad 0 0 144.7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 144.7
Chile 0 0 431.8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 431.8
Colombia 3.6 0 675.8 6.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 10.3 686.0
Comoros 0 0 1.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.4
Congo (DRC) 0 0 1,017.7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1,017.7
Cook Islands 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Costa Rica 0 0 36.8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 36.8
Cote d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) 0 0 22.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 22.5
Croatia 0.1 0.5 20.7 0.5 1.6 0.2 0.1 0.5 0.04 0.1 0.3 3.9 24.6
Cuba 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cyprus 0.5 2.4 51.7 6.0 22.2 0.8 0.1 1.7 0.1 0.4 1.0 35.1 86.8
Czech Republic 0.6 2.1 185.1 -3.4 33.4 1.1 0.2 2.2 0.2 0.4 1.3 38.0 223.1
Denmark 0.5 1.9 528.2 1.6 6.8 1.0 0.2 2.1 0.2 0.4 1.3 16.1 544.2
Djibouti 0 0 25.7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 25.7
Dominica 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dominican Republic 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ecuador 0 0 940.8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 940.8
Egypt 0 0 1,035.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1,035.9
Equatorial Guinea 0 0 229.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 229.9
Eritrea 0 0 11.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 11.9
Estonia 0.2 0.02 16.2 4.4 28.1 0.4 0.1 0.8 0.1 0.2 5.7 39.8 56.0
Ethiopia 0 0 393.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 393.4
Fiji 0 0 222.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 222.5
Finland 0.5 2.0 179.1 1.6 28.0 1.1 0.2 2.1 0.2 0.4 1.3 37.4 216.5
France 2.9 29.6 1,194.5 8.6 143.9 5.5 1.3 8.6 0.9 2.2 6.6 210.0 1,404.5
Gabon 0 0 133.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 133.9
Gambia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgia 0 2,799.2 686.8 - 256.2 24.4 0 0 0 0 9.8 3,089.6 3,776.4
Germany 3.7 7.1 13,424.4 11.1 182.0 16.0 1.6 22.8 1.1 2.7 7.3 255.4 13,679.8
Ghana 0 0 387.7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 387.7
Gibraltar 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greece 0.1 0.6 697.7 0.5 1.5 0.2 0.04 0.5 0.04 0.1 0.3 3.9 701.7
Grenada 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Guatemala 0 0 73.7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 73.7
Guinea 0 0 186.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 186.0
Guinea Bissau 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Honduras 0 0 19.6 0 0 0 0 0 00 0 0 0 19.6
Hong Kong, China 0 0 413,627.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 413,627.5
Hungary 0.5 2.0 154.8 1.8 5.7 0.9 0.2 1.8 0.1 0.4 1.1 14.4 169.2
Iceland 0 0 0.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.9
India 2.4 0 2,321.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.4 2,323.4
Indonesia 13.6 3.4 11,222.4 0.1 0.8 1.1 0.03 1.3 0 0.1 0.3 20.7 11,243.1
Iran 0 0 2,067.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2,067.3
Iraq 0 0 343.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 343.3
Ireland 3.6 11.8 2,607.0 9.6 44.7 6.9 1.7 28.6 1.1 2.6 8.2 118.6 2,725.6
Isle of Man 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italy 345.3 4.8 796.4 4.1 14.6 2.3 0.5 7.8 0.4 1.0 2.8 383.5 1,179.9
Jamaica 0 0 98.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 98.9
Japan 0.9 1.7 5,587.6 1.2 13.2 1.9 -0.2 -5.9 0.3 0.5 2.0 15.6 5,603.2
Jersey 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Jordan 0 0 14.7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 14.7
Kazakhstan 0 172.5 19,853.3 -0.6 - -98.4 10.5 30.9 10.4 0 35.8 161.2 20,014.5
Kenya 0 0 327.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 327.2
Kiribati 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kuwait 0 0 80.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 80.2
Kyrgyz Republic 15.2 1.4 2,988.8 0.1 1,311.3 - 0 66.9 3.4 0.3 9.5 1,408.0 4,396.7
Lao PDR 0 0 6,433.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6,433.2
Latvia 0.2 6.7 31.3 2.1 13.3 0.04 0.1 0.8 1.6 0.2 6.4 31.2 62.5
Lebanon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lesotho 0 0 4.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4.3
Liberia 0 0 99.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 99.1
Libya 0 0 60.8 0 0 0 0 6.8 0 0 0 6.8 67.6
Liechtenstein 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lithuania 0.2 0.7 29.9 -2.8 3.0 0.4 0.1 0.7 0.1 0.1 4.1 6.5 36.5
Luxembourg 3.9 19.5 13,220.1 203.4 1,071.4 7.4 0.2 15.3 1.2 2.9 2.0 1,327.2 14,547.4
Macau, China 0 0 6,862.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6,862.3
Madagascar 0 0 172.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 172.1
Malawi 4.4 0 20.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4.4 24.8
Malaysia 0 0 3,868.0 0 0 0 0 7.1 0 0 0 7.1 3,875.1
Maldives 0 0 66.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 66.1
Mali 0 0 123.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 123.1
Malta 0.1 0.5 30.0 0.4 1.4 0.2 0.1 1.0 0.04 0.1 0.3 4.1 34.1
Marshall Islands 0 0 10.4 0 164.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 164.1 174.4
Mauritania 0 0 70.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 70.6
Mauritius 0 0 397.1 0 0 0 0 3.8 0 0 0 3.8 400.9
Mexico 0 0 384.5 0.9 0 0 0 5.3 0 0 0 6.2 390.7
Micronesia, Federated States of 0 0 2.8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.8
Moldova 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mongolia 0 0 6,940.4 0 18.7 2.0 - 0 0 0 2.2 22.9 6,963.3
Montenegro 5.2 126.7 13.6 0.3 7.0 5.1 0 0 0 0 0.9 145.1 158.7
Morocco 0 0 31.0 0 0 0 0 55.8 0 0 0 55.6 86.5
Mozambique 0 0 163.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 163.0
Myanmar 0 0 6,089.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6,089.6
Namibia 0 0 81.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 81.4
Nauru 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 200.8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 200.8
Netherlands 6.9 24.2 14,544.1 20.3 85.3 13.2 3.0 27.0 2.0 5.1 15.8 202.8 14,746.9
New Zealand 0 0 347.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 347.9
Niger 0 0 214.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 214.2
Nigeria 0 0 5,878.4 0 0 0 0 8.5 0 0 0 8.5 5,887.0
North Korea 0 0 275.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 275.9
North Macedonia 0 0 115.9 0 0 0 0 0.5 0 0 0 0.5 116.5
Norway 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oman 0 0 303.2 0 0 0 0 43.1 0 0 0 43.1 346.3
Pakistan 0 0 8,742.3 0 0 0 0 - 0 0 0 0 8,742.3
Palau 0 0 29.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 29.2
Palestine 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Panama 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 68.8
Papua New Guinea 0 0 433.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 433.4
Paraguay 0 0 15.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 15.4
PRC 78.1 8.1 - 11.5 149.3 20.1 20.4 108.5 1.2 2.9 12.2 - 412.3
Peru 0 0 115.8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 115.8
Philippines 0.03 0.04 548.8 0 0.5 0.04 0.3 0.1 0 0 0 1.0 549.9
Poland 0.9 3.6 256.3 2.9 -43.6 1.7 0.4 3.4 0.3 0.7 2.1 -27.7 228.6
Portugal 0.4 1.3 58.9 1.1 4.8 0.7 0.2 1.6 0.1 0.3 0.9 11.5 70.3
Qatar 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Republic of Korea 0 25.9 6,887.9 1.2 0.1 4.5 32.0 127.0 0 0 19.5 210.1 7,097.9
Republic of the Congo 0 0 227.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 227.9
Romania 0 0 300.0 2.6 28.6 0 0 44.9 0 0 0 76.0 376.0
Russian Federation -23.2 506.2 1,612.6 57.4 755.4 90.8 0 0 21.8 0 32.8 1,441.1 3,053.8
Rwanda 0 0 20.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 20.4
Saint Kitts and Nevis 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Samoa 0 0 615.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 615.2
San Marino 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 4.6 0 7,707.8 0 0 0 0 803.6 0 0 0 808.2 8,516.1
Senegal 0 0 47.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 47.3
Serbia 0 -0.9 13.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -0.9 12.3
Seychelles 0 0 86.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 86.3
Sierra Leone 0 0 46.7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 46.7
Singapore 0 0 45,793.7 0 0 0 0 186.6 0 0 0 186.6 45,980.3
Slovak Republic 0.6 2.5 113.6 2.2 7.5 1.2 0.3 2.4 0.2 0.5 1.4 18.8 132.4
Slovenia 0.2 0.9 65.9 0.8 -14.0 0.4 0.1 0.9 0.1 0.2 0.5 -10.0 55.9
Solomon Islands 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Africa 0 0 5,118.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5,118.1
Spain 1.7 5.7 648.9 4.7 20.2 3.1 0.7 6.7 0.5 1.2 3.8 48.4 697.4
Sri Lanka 0 0 245.7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 245.7
Sudan 0 0 1,259.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1,259.4
Suriname 0 0 11.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 11.4
Sweden 0.7 -0.6 9,426.8 12.6 9.2 1.4 0.3 -318.2 0.2 0.5 1.7 -292.1 9,134.8
Switzerland 1.3 4.5 197.6 3.8 14.9 2.3 0.5 4.8 0.4 0.9 2.8 36.3 233.9
Syria 0 0 10.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 10.6
Taipei, China 0 0 2,944.7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2,944.7
Tajikistan 0 0 1,550.1 0 80.5 0 0 0 - 0 0 80.5 1,630.5
Tanzania 0 0 94.6 0 0 0 0 8.5 0 0 0 8.5 103.0
Thailand 0.2 1.3 4,618.8 0.8 18.0 1.0 1.1 2.9 0.1 0 1.0 26.5 4,645.3
Timor-Leste 0 0 109.8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 109.8
Togo 0 0 70.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 70.6
Tonga 0 0 2.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.6
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 155.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 155.2
Turkey 0.8 1,726.1 113.1 11.1 689.7 1.4 0.3 91.0 0.2 0.7 1.8 2,523.0 2,636.1
Turkmenistan 0 0 120.3 0 44.0 0 0 0 0 - 0 44.0 164.3
Turks and Caicos Islands 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
United Kingdom 1.4 4.8 4,742.5 4.0 17.5 2.7 0.6 24.2 0.4 1.0 3.2 60.1 4,802.5
Uganda 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 34.3 85.5 38.5 263.1 0 0 0 0 0 5.0 340.8 426.3
US 13.9 8.2 42,843.0 10.1 38.7 9.5 -1.1 77.2 1.4 3.1 10.8 171.7 43,014.7
Uruguay 0 0 0.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.4
US Virgin Islands 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbekistan 0 0 672.0 0 76.2 0 0 0 0 0 - 76.2 748.2
Vanuatu 0 0 80.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 80.2
Venezuela 0 0 788.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 788.9
Viet Nam 0.4 0.3 5,562.2 0 14.2 0.9 0.4 17.4 0 0.1 0 33.8 5,596.0
Virgin Islands (British) 0 0 22,519.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 22,519.3
Yemen 0 0 176.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 176.9
Zambia 0 0 629.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 629.6
Zimbabwe 0 0 801.8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 801.8
Unspecified 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
TOTAL 500.2 6,075.6 820,395.2 470.9 6,013.4 164.1 80.5 1,997.8 50.9 34.4 233.5 15,621.1 836,016.4
PRC = People's Republic of China; US = United States
NOTE: (1) Cumulative means the sum of flows from 2001 to 2019. Flows with a negative sign indicate that at least one of three subcomponents (equity capital, reinvested earnings, other capital related to intercompany debt) is negative and not offset by positive amounts of the remaining subcomponents. (2) Two decimal places denote values less than US$50,000.
SOURCE: ADB, Asia Regional Integration Center database (accessed February 2021)